уторак, 14. август 2012.


Location of European Sarmatia 
(from the Eighth Map of Europe)
European Sarmatia is terminated on the north by the Sarmatian ocean adjoining the Venedicus bay and by a part of the unknown land, a description of which is the following:
mouth of the Chronus river 50*00 56°00
mouth of the Rubonis river 53*00 57°00
mouth of the Turuntus river 56*00 58°30
mouth of the Chesinus river 58*30 59°30
The terminus of its seacoast is located on that parallel extending thru Thule,
which parallel is the terminus of the known sea 62*00 63°00
The terminus of Sarmatia, which extends southward thru the sources of the Tanais river
is 64*00 63°00
It is terminated in the west by the Vistula river and by that part of Germania lying between its source and the Sarmatian mountains but not by the mountains themselves, the position of which has been indicated; on the south by Iazyges Metanastae then from the southern terminus of the Sarmatian mountains
to the beginning of the Carpathian mountains which is in 46*00 48°30
and by the following part of Dacia along that parallel up to the mouth of the Borysthenes river, and the shore of the Pontus which is near the Carcinitus river; then along the seacoast are:
mouth of the Borysthenes river 57*30 48°30
mouth of the Hypanis river 58*00 48°30
Hecates forest, promontory 58*30 47°45
Isthmus of Cursus Achilles 59*00 47°40
The western promontory of the Isthmus of Achilles is called
Sacred promontory 57*50 47°30
The eastern promontory is called
Mysaris promontory 59*45 47°30
Cephalonensus 59*45 47°50
Pulcher harbor 59*30 47°45
Tamyrace 59*20 48°30
mouth of the Carcinitus river 59*40 48°30
Next is the isthmus separating the Tauric peninsula, the terminus of which is on the Carcinitus bay in the
position 60*20 48°20
which is near Lake Byce 60*30 48°30
On the east Sarmatia is bounded by the isthmus which is near the Carcinitus river,
which is near Lake Byce 60*30 48°30
Maeotis which extends as far as the Tanais river, then by the Tanais river, and by the line which extends from the sources of the Tanais river toward the unknown land as far as the indicated terminus.
This side is thus described from the isthmus which is near the Carcinitus river and along Lake Maeotis:
Neontichus 60*30 48°40
mouth of the Pasiacus river 60*20 49°30
Lianum town 60*00 49°15
mouth of the Byce river 60*20 49°30
Acra town 60*30 49°40
mouth of the Gerrhus river 61*00 49°50
Cnema town 62*30 49°45
Agarum promontory 63*00 49°40
mouth of the Agarus river 62*30 50°30
Dark woodland, Piscatura Dei 62*40 51°15
mouth of the Lycus river 63*00 51°30
Hygres town 63*30 52°30
mouth of the Poritus river 64*30 53°00
Caroca village 65*00 53°30
western mouth of the Tanais river 66*20 54°20
eastern mouth 67*00 54°30
Bend of the river 72*30 56°00
Source of the river 64*00 58°00
Above this the terminus, which I have mentioned, near the unknown land,
the location of which is 64*00 63°00
Sarmatia is divided by other mountains, which are called
Peuce mountains 51*00 51°00
Amadoci mountains 55*00 51°00
Bodinus mountains 58*00 55°00
Alanus mountains 62*30 55°00
Carpathian mountains as we call them 46*00 48°30
Venedici mountains 47*30 55°00
Ripaei, the middle of which is in 63*00 57°30
The part of the Borysthenes river which is near Amodoca lake is in 53*30 50°20
The source of the Borysthenes river more toward the north is in 52*00 53°00
Of the rivers which are below the Borysthenes
the Tyras separates parts of Dacia and Sarmatia at the bend which is located in 53*00 48°30
The Axiaces river flows thru Sarmatia not far above Dacia, and from the Carpathian mountains.
The Greater Venedae races inhabit Sarmatia along the entire Venedicus bay; and above Dacia are the Peucini and the Basternae; and along the entire coast of Maeotis are the Iazyges and the Rhoxolani; more toward the interior from these are the Amaxobii and the Scythian Alani.
Lesser races inhabit Sarmatia near the Vistula river.
Below the Venedae are the Gythones, then the Finni, then the Sulones; below whom are the Phrungundiones; then the Avarini near the source of the Vistula river; below these are the Ombrones, then the Anartophracti, then the Burgiones, then the Arsietae, then the Saboci, then the Piengitae and the Biessi near the Carpathian mountains.
Among those we have named to the east: below the Venedae are the Galindae, the Sudini, and the Stavani, extending as far as the Alauni; below these are the Igylliones, then the Coestoboci and the Transmontani extending as far as the Peuca mountains.
Back from the Ocean, near the Venedicus bay, the Veltae dwell, above whom are the Ossi; then more toward the north the Carbones and toward the east are the Careotae and the Sali; below whom are the Gelones, the Hippopodes and the Melanchlaeni; below these are the Agathyrsi; then the Aorsi and the Pagyritae; then the Savari and the Borusci to the Ripaeos mountains; then the Acibi and the Nasci; below whom are the Vibiones and the Idrae; and below the Vibiones bordering on the Alauni are the Sturni, and between the Alauni and the Amaxobii are the Cariones and the Sargati; near the bend of the Tanis river are the Ophlones and then the Tanaitae; below whom are the Osili extending as far as Rhoxolanis; between the Amaxobii and the Rhoxolani are the Rheucanali and the Exobygitae; and between the Peucini and the Basternae are the Carpiani, above whom are the Gevini, then the Bodini; between the Basternae and the Rhoxolani are the Chuni, and below the mountains named from these are the Amadoci and the Navari.
Near Lake Byce dwell the Toreccadae, and near Achilles Cursus the Tauroscythae; below the Basternae near Dacia are the Tigri and below these are the Tyrangitae. Below the bend of the Tanais river are located:
the Altars of Alexander 63*00 57°00
and the Altars of Caesar 68*00 56°30
and on the shore of the river is Tanais town 67*00 54°40
The inland towns in the river regions around the Carcinitus river are:
Carcina town 59*30 48°45
Torocca 58*30 49°00
Pasyris 58*30 49°10
Ercabum 58*30 49°15
Tracana 58*30 49°45
Navarum 58*30 50°00
Along the Borysthenes river are:
Azagarium 56*00 50°40
Amadoca 56*00 50°30
Sarum 56*00 50°15
Serimum 57*00 50°00
Metropolis 56*30 49°30
Olbia or Borysthenes 57*00 49°00
above the Axiaces river, Ordessus 57*00 48°30
And near the river which flows into the Borysthenes:
Leinum town 54*00 50°15
Sarbacum 55*00 50°00
Niossum 56*00 49°40
Above the Tyras river near Dacia:
Carrodunum 49*30 48°40
Maetonium 51*00 48°30
Clepidava 52*30 48°40
Vibantavarium 53*30 48°40
Eractum 53*50 48°40
The island located near the mouth of the Tanais river is
Alopecia or Tanais island 66*30 53°30
Book III, Chapter 7
Location of Iazyges Metanastae
(from the Ninth Map of Europe)

[ 7/12/98: ]
This map demonstrates clearly that the lists of places and coördinates constituting the chapters of the Geography were merely parts of an index to the actual atlas. Thus, reduced to its bare bones, this is not as informative as it could be; I'll probably redraw it once all the surrounding areas are put online. In case you're wondering, the mapped towns are in eastern Hungary. One of the puzzling things to me is why Ptolemy felt this area deserved a separate chapter: that in itself is information of sorts, I guess. Stay tuned.
The region of Iazyges Metanastae is terminated on the north by the indicated boundary line of European Sarmatia beginning near the southern part of the Sarmatian mountains and extending to the Carpathian mountains; on the west by the indicated part of Germania which extends from the Sarmatian mountains to the Danube river near the Carpis bend, thence following that river to the mouth of the Tibiscus river, which, flowing from the north, empties into it.
The position of its mouth is 46*00 44°15
On the east it is terminated by Dacia along that river Tibiscus which rises in the Carpathian mountains.
The location of these mountains is 46*00 48°30
The towns in this Iazyges Metanastae region are
Uscenum 43*15 48°20
Bormanum 43*40 48°15
Abieta 43*40 48°00
Trissum 44*10 47°45
Parca 43*30 47°40
Candanum 44*00 47°20
Pessium 44*40 47°00
Partiscum 45*00 46°40
Book II, Chapter 15
Location of Illyria or Liburnia, and of Dalmatia
(Fifth Map of Europe)
Illyriaº is terminated on the north by both Pannonias along those borders which we have referred to above; on the west by Istria along that line,
one terminus of which is toward Upper Pannonia in 36*30 45°10
the other on the Adriatic in 36*30 44°50
It is bounded on the east by Upper Moesia along the line which leads from the indicated entrance of the Save into the Danube as far as the Scardus mountains,
the terminal position of which is in 47*00 41°40
It is bounded on the south by the part of Macedonia along that line which runs from the indicated terminus to the Adriatic bay,
the other terminus of which is in 45*00 41°00
and then by the coast of the Adriatic to the indicated terminus near Istria. The several parts of its boundaries are in the following order: after Istria then the land of Italia. In Illyria:
The maritime shore of Liburnia
Alvona 36*50 45°00
Flanona 37*00 44°50
Tarsatica 37*40 44°45
mouth of the Oeneus river 38*00 44°45
Volcera 38*30 44°45
Senia 39*00 44°40
Lopsica 39*15 44°40
mouth of the Tedanius river 39*20 44°30
Ortopla 40*00 44°30
Vegia 40*20 44°30
Argyruntum 40*45 44°10
Corinium 41*10 44°00
Aenona 41*30 44°00
Iader colonia 42*00 43°45
mouth of the Titus river 42*20 43°10
Scardona 42*40 43°30
Maritime shore of Dalmatia
Sicum 43*00 43°20
Salonae colonia 43*20 43°10
Epetium 43*40 43°00
Pituntium 44*00 42°45
Onaeum 44*00 42°30
mouth of the Naronus river 44*30 42°20
Epidaurus 44*40 42°20
Rhisium 44*40 42°15
Acruvium 44*45 42°00
Rhizonicus bay 45*00 42°00
Butua 45*00 41°45
Ulcinium 45*00 41°30
mouth of the Drilo river 45*00 41°20
Lissus 45*00 41°10
The river Drilo flows from the Scardus mountains and from that other mountain which is near the middle of Upper Moesia,
the location of which is in 45*40 42°40
From this another river, the Drinus, joining the Save river, empties into it on the west of the town Tauruno.
The Ispydes, the Hyllaei and the Bulimenses inhabit this Istrian province bordering on the seacoast; above these in Liburnia toward the west are the Mazaei, then the Derriopes and the Derri, and above the Derriopes are the Dindari, above these are the Ditiones, and above the Derri are the Cerauni; in Dalmatia are the Daursi, below whom are the Melcomenii and the Vardaei, below these are the Narensi and the Sardiotae and below these are the Siculotae, the Docleatae, the Pirustae, and the Scirtones near Macedonia.
The inland towns of Liburnia are
Tediastum 39*00 44°50
Aruccia 39*30 44°45
Ardotium 40*00 44°50
Stulpi 39*30 44°40
Curcum 40*30 44°30
Ausancali 41*30 44°45
Varvaria 41*10 44°10
Salvia 41*20 44°40
Adra 42*30 44°40
Arauzona 42*30 44°20
Assesia 42*15 44°20
Burnum 42*45 44°20
Sidrona 43*30 44°30
Blanona 42*10 44°00
Ouporum 43*00 44°00
Nedinum 44*30 44°15
The inland towns of Dalmatia are
Andecrium 43*30 43°30
Aleta 44*00 43°10
Herona 44*20 43°45
Delminium 44*40 43°20
Aequum colonia 44*30 43°20
Saloniana 45*00 43°20
Narona colonia 44*20 42°45
Enderum 45*30 42°50
Chinna 45*40 42°30
Doclea 45*20 42°15
Rhizana 45*15 42°00
Scodra 45*30 41°30
Thermidava 46*00 41°45
Siparuntum 46*30 42°10
Epicaria 45*30 41°15
Iminacium 46*00 41°20
The islands near Liburnia are Apsorrus, in which are two towns
Crepsa 36*40 44°30
Apsorrus 36*50 44°30
and Curicta, in which are two towns
Fulfinium 38*10 44°20
Curicum 38*20 44°15
and the island Scardona, in which are two towns
Arba 40*40 43°40
Collentum 41*40 43°30
Near Dalmatia are the islands
Issa and the town 42*20 43°00
Tragurium and town 43*00 42°15
Pharia and town 42*00 42°20
Corcyra Nigra 44*00 41°45
Melita island 44*10 41°20

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